A History Intern at Work

A familiar site in the Archives and Special Collections this semester has been the presence of Bryce King, a UMass Dartmouth senior history major completing his “Learning Through Engagement” 5B requirement in history by interning with Sonia Pacheco in the Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives.  Bryce spent 130 hours working in the archives, processing the papers of Portuguese-American author Julian Silva of San Francisco, and getting a start on the personal and professional papers of anthropologist Dr. Stephen Cabral, both collections received recently by the archives.

Julian Silva, a fourth-generation Portuguese-American, published several works of fiction, including his first novel, The gunnysack castle, which was republished by Tagus Press in 2007.  Dr. Stephen Cabral is an anthropologist who has taught at UMass Dartmouth, Bristol Community College, Bridgewater State University and Roger Williams University.  He is known for his photography, and knowledge of Portuguese feasting customs in the Azores, Madeira Islands, and New England.

To process the papers, Bryce went through each folder, replacing them with acid free versions, and noting the contents and dates of the materials.  When the Silva papers were complete, he started on the papers of Dr. Stephen Cabral.  When asked what was most interesting in the two collections, he noted one of his favorite courses taken at UMass Dartmouth was actually a summer course on the social history and culture of New Bedford, taught by none other than Stephen Cabral!

Bryce plans to ultimately be a history teacher. By the time he graduates in December of 2018 he will have completed the 4 plus MAT program and be ready to work.  He already knows the value of primary sources in k-12 education, but this internship has given him a close-up view of how archives are collected and processed for access.  We thank him for all of his hard work!

Judy Farrar, Archives and Special Collections Librarian
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Council of Women’s Organizations Archives Project Completed

In October of 2017 I began a one-semester internship at the Claire T. Carney Archives and Special Collections at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. As a first semester graduate student of Simmons College of Library and Information Science, pursuing a MLIS with a concentration in Archives Management, I was intrigued and excited about this new career field. I was responsible for processing and creating a digital finding aid in ArchivesSpace for the records of the Council of Women’s Organizations of Greater New Bedford.
Founded by Viola C. Manseau during the Great Depression, the Council was created as an opportunity for multiple area women’s organizations to collaborate by spearheading needed community service projects. To facilitate this goal, a board was established of delegates representing member organizations meeting annually to evaluate, select, and coordinate community service projects. Community service projects included a postcard fundraising effort to benefit The Joshua Project, an effort to raise awareness of child abuse after the murder of local toddler, Joshua Santos.  The postcard featured a portrait of Eloise Pina, a valued community member and longtime board member of the Council.
Though I had limited knowledge, the professional and student staff were supportive in guiding me to utilize traditional archival processing and metadata standards. Their expertise, combined with concurrent coursework, provided me with the practical experience needed to evaluate personal interest, best practices, and confirmation of the value of archives as an institution and profession.
-Racine Amos,Graduate Student, Simmons School of Library and Information Science

For the online finding for the collection, see https://archivesspace.lib.umassd.edu/repositories/3/resources/250

The Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections serves as the permanent repository for records of the various women’s groups that are and have been members of the Council of Women’s Organizations of Greater New Bedford.  To date, in addition to this collection, we have the records of the local chapters of the American Business Women’s Association, the Catholic Woman’s Club, the Polish Women’s Business and Professional Club, Church Women United, the New Bedford Garden Club, and the Polish and American World War Veterans Auxiliary Association. In the Archives of the Center for Jewish Culture we have the records of the Hebrew Ladies Helping Hand Society, National Council of Jewish Women, the Jewish War Veterans of the United State Ladies’ Auxiliary, the Jewish Professional Women’s Club, Hadassah, and the Sisterhoods of Tifereth Israel, Temple Beth El, and Ahavath Achim. 

– Judy Farrar, University Archivist

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Simmons Archival Intern David Boerman Creates Online Finding Aids

As a graduate student from Simmons College in the archival track of the Library and Information Sciences program, I completed a semester long internship at the Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. The focus of my internship was creating more functional and searchable digital records for 28 university collections through the archives management system ArchivesSpace. Most of these collections were university records that document how faculty, staff and students contributed to the history of the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth and connected universities such as the Swain School of Design. However, a few manuscript collections, namely the Robert F. Kennedy Assassination Archives Records, were also processed as digital records during the semester.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These digital records make it easier for university archivists to search for collections, series, box locations and container types and identify similarities between collections through the proper metadata. Knowing the exact size of a specific box is significant for storage. Some types of boxes such as flat boxes, which are horizontal and often contain oversized materials like maps, calendars and posters, come in many different widths, heights and depths. The addition of unique barcodes to the physical containers and map drawers will also facilitate findability and organization of these materials. In the future, the archivist might even know what materials are in use and what materials are in storage.

Digital efforts and projects by the Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections are not new to the institution as seen by the digital archives and the digital objects like early twentieth century Swain School catalogs found on the Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org). As well, there are digital scans of the paper finding aids on the archives website (http://www.lib.umassd.edu/archives/). While these finding aids are useful, they do not take full advantage of their digital nature. On the other hand, the finding aids created by ArchivesSpace contain a hyperlinked table of contents that allow users to find information quicker. For instance, with the Swain School of Design records, you might be interested in the merger records that combined that school with Southeastern Massachusetts University. With the previous finding aids, you would either have to scan a thirty-two page document, know what you are looking for or search by keywords. Additionally, the structure of creating the digital records helps remove the idiosyncratic nature of finding aids created at different times by different individuals through the creation of a uniform framework that requires certain elements in certain places. In addition, the digital objects listed above can be linked to directly within the finding aid. Like most aspects of this project, this linkage allows the archive to be more streamlined, centralized and organized in presenting its collections to its users.

David Boerman, Simmons College School of Library and Information Science

Archivists’ Note:  The project to implement ArchivesSpace began with UMass Dartmouth graduate student Jay Patel in 2016.  Of over 300 finding aids, 108 have been entered in the ArchivesSpace database.  In June there will be a public interface released, which we hope to offer to patrons sometime soon after.  Data entry continues with one of our current student assistants, Karen Stubblefield.Built for archives by archivists, ArchivesSpace is the open source archives information management application for managing and providing web access to archives, manuscripts and digital objects.

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When Colleges Went on Strike in 1970

The anti-war movement gained momentum in 1970 after four unarmed college students were killed by the National Guard in a protest at Kent State University in Ohio.  Students were protesting America’s invasion of Cambodia and President Nixon’s escalation of the  Vietnam War.  These events galvanized students at college campuses across the country to go on strike.  Students and faculty at Southeastern Massachusetts University, now UMass Dartmouth, were galvanized as well; 1,500 gathered on campus on Wednesday, May 6, 1970 to protest the war.  At the time, total enrollment was only 3,000, so this was almost half of the student body.  They followed this up with 500 participants marching down Route 6 to New Bedford City Hall, where they deposited one of four cardboard coffins that had been carried the entire route.  At the end of the on-campus rally,  Torch editor Bob Harp, read a national editorial calling for a nationwide university strike. Days later, on May 9, SMU students participated in a rally and march on Washington, D.C.  SMU’s involvement was organized by the SMU Peace Action Committee and Regional Strike Committee.

Issues of the student newspaper, the Torch, are preserved in the Archives and Special Collections, along with  flyers that were distributed on campus.   For more information on the campus in the 1960s and the 1970s, contact the Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections at jfarrar@umassd.edu.

 

– Judy Farrar, Head, Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth

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The Torch and Student Protests of 1969

In light of the Million Women March on January 21st and the many other protests happening before, after and during the inauguration of President Trump, I wondered if UMass Dartmouth students had historically been involved in protests in Washington, DC.  Searching the UMass Dartmouth Publications index to the Torch Archives, I came up with a long list of possible protests to look into.  A notable one, because it took place at an inauguration, was the 1969 protest at the first inauguration of President Richard M. Nixon.  January 1969 was preceded by one of the most turbulent years in U.S. history with the deaths of Robert F. Kennedy and Rev. Martin Luther King.  The U.S. was still heavily involved in the Vietnam War and public opinion against it reached a boiling point in 1968.  The Tet Offensive in February of 1968 turned public opinion rapidly into opposition to the war in reaction to high daily casualty reports among the American troops.  And finally, in a contentious election that year, Nixon won by an electoral landslide, while only receiving 43 percent of the popular vote.

January 20, 1969.  On the grounds of the Washington Monument, protesters held a “counter-inauguration” complete with a counter-inaugural ball under a tent, at which Judy Collins performed, and a reverse inaugural parade.  6,000 protesters participated, including some SMTI (UMD) students.  The number seems small compared to today, but keep in mind only 65,000 attended the inauguration to begin with, made clear by the photo in this Torch article by editor Al Caron.  At that time, UMass Dartmouth was known as SMTI (Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute).  SMTI students were simultaneously in an uproar over the firing of professor Krueger, one of many acts which led to the resignation of SMTI president Joseph Driscoll in 1971.  Also in February 1969, was the Winter Carnival, which culminated in the crowning of a Winter Carnival Queen, Louise Wojclk.  This issue of the Torch is a contrast in subject matter, but it’s clear that civil unrest is on their minds more than anything else.  So much so that in the 1969 yearbook, published at the end of the Spring semester, a full-page spread was devoted to “Campus Unrest.”

For access to the Torch index, please follow the link on the Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections web page at  http://umdserials.lib.umassd.edu/

Form more information on the turbulent year of 1968, see http://www.ushistory.org/us/56f.asp

Our long-range digitization plans include digitizing the entire run of the SMTI, SMU and UMass Dartmouth Torch, as funding permits.

 

 

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Archivist for the Congressman Barney Frank Archives Hard at Work

Portrait of Lauren VanDerBerg

Portrait of Lauren VanDerBerg

Four hundred and twenty-six-odd boxes?  No problem for Lauren VanDenBerg, the new archivist for the Congressman Barney Frank Archives at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. Hired in May, Lauren has been hard at work all summer processing the collection in order to eventually make it accessible to the public.  This work requires putting considerable thought into how best to organize the Congressman’s papers, leaving his staff’s filing system in place as much as possible. To accomplish this, she first needed to understand how a congressional office works in conjunction with its district offices, and how Frank worked in particular.  She also had to familiarize herself with the Congressman’s career and major issues that he has been known to champion.  She compiled a list of the 797 bills he sponsored over his 32-year career in Congress, which will eventually provide the public with a timeline of his political career and a contextual framework for research within the papers.  Mr. Frank donated his papers to the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth in 2013. The project should take approximately two years to complete.

Lauren VanDenBerg received her Master’s in Library and Information Science with a focus on Archives and Special Collections from Kent State University. During her graduate studies, she performed reference services for the photography collection at the Stephen H. Hart Library and Research Center located within the History Colorado Center. She also worked as a student archivist at the National Archives and Records Administration’s Rocky Mountain Division in Denver, Colorado. While there, she processed the historical records of the National Forest Service, the Civilian Conservation Corp, and others. Lastly, at the Denver Museum of Nature and Science she collaborated with a team of visual archivists to catalog their backlog of over 30,000 negatives in the 35mm film collection.

Prior to joining the archives staff at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Lauren worked at the Colorado State Archives as a Project Archivist. She was responsible for processing records of various State Legislature committees in preparation for digitization. That project included the records of the 1982 Colorado Senate Judiciary Committee which involved an investigation of corrupt police officials, Cadillacs, and Elvis.

To get in touch with Lauren, send an email to lvandenberg@umassd.edu, call her office at 508-999-8853, or stop by the Congressman Barney Frank Reading Room on the Claire T. Carney Library’s third floor (Room 353), next to the Veterans’ Reading Room.  The room will be open every week during the semester, on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday between 10:00 AM and 4:00 PM.

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Tifereth Israel Celebrates Golden Anniversary

NewTI_1966

The synagogue and Hebrew school building that Tifereth Israel occupies was dedicated fifty years ago this Sunday, May 22nd. The two week-long dedication ceremony began on May 22, 1966 with a solemn processional led by elders of the congregation, transferring the sacred scrolls of the Torah from the old building to the new. Rabbi Bernard Ziskind and Cantor Charles Freedland led this procession.

On Monday May 23rd, there was a special tribute to local Boy and Girl Scouts, and especially the troops who had been sponsored by Tifereth Israel for the past 34 years. Delegations from other local units participated, and were present for a ribbon-cutting ceremony dedicating Scout Hall. Congressman Hastings Keith presenteMC26_1966_dedication001_1200pxd Tifereth Israel with an American Flag which had flown over the Capitol in Washington, DC. On Tuesday evening almost 600 guests witnessed a confirmation service for children of the Hebrew School.

On May 29th, 1966 the Rabbi Bernard H. Ziskind School of Judaism was dedicated, which included the unveiling of a plaque and portrait.  The Sunday evening social event was the gala banquet in the new Social Hall.  Special guests included Commonwealth of Massachusetts governor John A. Volpe, and New Bedford mayor Edward Harrington.  MC26_1966_dedication002_1200px

To conclude the two-week long dedication period, the synagogue held an open house on June 5 for the greater New Bedford community, which attracted nearly 3,000 visitors.

The Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections maintains the Archives of the Center for Jewish Culture, which includes many individual collections of papers and records documenting different organizations and institutions within the local Jewish community.  The records of Tifereth Israel are in MC 26.  Please contact Judy Farrar for access at jfarrar@umassd.edu.

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Archives Intern Completes CJC Collections

ShirleyCohen004 1000 pxAs a graduate student from Simmons College in the Library and Information Sciences program, I completed a semester long internship at the Claire T. Carney Library Archives and Special Collections. As part of my internship I processed two collections; the Shirley Cohen Family papers and the Senior Citizens of New Bedford records, both part of the Archives of the Center for Jewish Culture. Both of these collections document the family’s focus on working with and improving lives within their community.

Shirley Cohen, daughter of Mrs. A. J. “Bertha” Cohen, was a reference librarian at the New Bedford Public Library. Shirley was an active member of the Junior Hadassah and the Jewish Youth Society. Shirley, as part of the Junior Hadassah, raised money for the Children’s Village of Meier Shfeyah in Palestine. These efforts helped build schools and allowed the village operate in order to protect and educate at risk children. Mrs. A. J. Cohen was ShirleyCohen005 1000 pxextraordinarily active in her community from a young age. She participated in Young Women’s Hebrew Association during WWI and from there was very invested in her community. She became a dedicated member of the New Bedford Chapter of the Senior Hadassah, Hebrew Ladies’ Helping Hand Society, Council of Women’s Organizations of Greater New Bedford, New Bedford Convalescent home, the Jewish Welfare Board, and the USO during World War II. These programs provided ass

ShirleyCohen002 1000 px

istance and awareness to many important features surrounding the community including health, poverty, education, international events, and social events.ShirleyCohen003 1000 px

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling raffle tickets and providing refreshments for meetings, Mrs. A. J. Cohen also participated in the Jewish Senior Citizens of New Bedford. The Jewish Senior Citizens of New Bedford was founded in 1972 with the intent to improve the lives of the elderly by decreasing loneliness and caring for their welfare. The Jewish Senior Citizens of New Bedford organized trips, classes, shows, lectures, luncheons, and dinner. Along with that there were lectures on how to keep healthy, blood pressure checks, discount information, and letter writing campaigns to politicians.

Michelle Bergeron, Simmons College

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The American Views on Madeira Wine

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On November 23rd 2015, the Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives co-hosted with the Clube Madeirense S.S. Sacramento Madeira historian Duarte Mendonça as he presented, to a large audience, his new book titled “American Views on Madeira Wine.” He shared some interesting bits of history related to the relationship between the United States and Madeira wine, including that the founding fathers were lovers of Madeira wine. Apparently during a dinner party hosted by John Quincy Adams, it is reported that the had 11 decanters of Madeira wine on the table, all unlabeled and otherwise indistinguishable to the naked eye, and through sipping and tasting, he was able to correctly identify them all.

Madeira wine has also been called the “independence wine” as it was the beverage drunk” to celebrate the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Mendonça, in fact, believes that there may actually have been 13 toasts made and drunk to celebrate the original 13 colonies. He reached this conclusion through a number of subsequent events that he was able to identify and research using primary source materials.

-Sonia Pacheco, Archives Librarian for the Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives

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Origins of “Black Friday”

DiariodeNoticias_Sept1969

‘Black Friday’ the term used to describe the day after Thanksgiving, nowadays characterized by crowds ascending upon retailers to buy consumer products at large discounts. Yet, the origins of both the term are unclear, and it only began to be commonly used by advertisers in specific reference to the day after Thanksgiving in the 1980s.

Historically, the term was used to describe financial panics of 1869 and 1873 (as referenced in the Diario de Noticias article) and retail clearance sales that occurred at any point in the year (see the 1891 and 1901 ads).

A common explanation for event is that it is the first day (in preparation foDiariodeNoticias_Nov1971r the shopping that occurs for Christmas) that stores turn a profit during the year as they were operating ‘in the black’ previously. However, this account has no precise source and was not regularly used by merchants in print ads that are searchable via newspaper digitization projects such as Chronicling America and the Portuguese-American Digital Newspaper Collections.

Of interest, was the disdain expressed in 1971 at how early stores ‘enticed’ the public to begin doing their Christmas shopping on the front page of the ‘Diario de Noticias’ (see “Our Viewpoint). This particular opinion piece was published yearly starting as far back as 1966.

-Sonia Pacheco,  Archives Librarian for the Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese-American Archives

Here are pages from two newspapers form Omaha and Iola, Kansas:

OmahaDailyBee_1891

IolaRegister_1901

 

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